Six out of seven species of sea turtle are classified as threatened or endangered at the hand of us humans, worrying isn’t it?
Amazingly, during nesting season, a female sea turtle returns to the same beach on which she was born to lay her eggs, even if 30 years have gone by, she will find that beach (Oh to have those sort of navigational skills!). Temperature will determine the gender of the baby turtles, a higher temperature for females and a lower temperature for males.
Best diving destinations to be seen: Egypt, Caribbean, Malaysia, Maldives
There are nine species of Hammerhead sharks worldwide. Their eyes are placed on the very outer edge of the hammer, giving them a vertical 360° view so they can see above and below very easily. This does however mean that they have a huge blind spot right in front of their nose!
Stingrays are one of their favourite foods and the shark uses its wide head to trap them by pinning them to the sea floor.
Best diving destinations to be seen: Egypt, South Africa, Galapagos, Maldives, Indonesia
The elusive Dugong has a flat tail and flippers like a Whale but is in fact more closely related to an Elephant. It has very dense and heavy bones which hold it submerged underwater, and its lungs are positioned along the back which keeps the Dugong in a horizontal position while swimming.
The Dugong is a vegetarian and can survive up to 70 years in protected habitats with enough food sources.
Best diving destinations to be seen: Egypt, Indonesia
7. Tiger Shark
Solitary sharks that tend to live alone, Tiger Sharks have amazing eyesight and tend to hunt at night. The 4th largest shark in the world, they are renowned for eating anything and everything and have been nicknamed the “dustbins of the sea”.
Tiger Sharks can camouflage themselves with their blue or green colour to help them blend in better with the surroundings in the water.
Best diving destinations to be seen: South Africa, Bahamas
8. Eagle Ray
These beautiful rays can be found alone but frequently travel in schools, and if you are ever lucky enough to see them like this, they look like a flock of birds flying overhead!
Eagle Rays have a long whip-like tail that is darkly coloured, with up to 7 barbed spines that can be used for defence. They are generally shy and are no threat to humans unless provoked.
Best diving locations to be seen: Egypt, Maldives, Galapagos
The latin name for seahorse is “Hippocampus” which means “Horse Caterpillar”. Seahorses pair for life, and it is the male seahorses that become pregnant. Giving birth can be a long process and contractions can last up to 12 hours!
Female seahorses have a territory of about 1.4 sq metres, whilst males have a territory of about 0.5 sq metres. Girl power!
Best diving destinations to be seen: Malta & Gozo, Indonesia, Belize, Bahamas
This amazing Octopus was not formally identified by scientists until 2006. It is often confused with a similar species called the mimic octopus, it lives in the same waters but has longer arms and a more distinct and striking pattern.
The Wonderpus catches small crustaceans and fish by flaring its arms and webs over patches of sand or coral rubble to trap enclosed (and typically buried) prey.
Best diving destinations to be seen: Indonesia, Malaysia