Sudan is the third largest country in Africa, and sixteenth largest in the world bordering Egypt, Eritrea, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan. Being on the coast of the Red Sea, winters are balmy, while in the height of summer there is a combination of intense heat and humidity. The sea is temperate all year, and in the summer when it exceeds 30°c it becomes one of the warmest seas in the world.
This destination is a sight to behold with its sweeping hills of sand, stunning architecture, and intriguing historical attractions. The capital Khartoum has some excellent museums including the Sudan National Museum, and the huge market, Souq Arabi, is the place to go if you want an insight into the local’s daily lives. The ancient city of Meroe, an UNESCO World Heritage site, has over 200 steep sided pyramids rising from the Nubian Desert which is quite spectacular. The desert stretches east all the way to the Red Sea and Port Sudan. The laid-back atmosphere of this major industrial port draws travellers from around the world who come to experience the exceptional scuba diving.
In the southern provinces’ birds and wildlife flourish due to the lush forests, parkland, waterfalls, and swampland. Elephants, black and white rhino, zebras, crocodiles, and hippos are often spotted. Dinder National Park on the Ethiopian border is home to over 20 species of large mammals including giraffes and big cats, and provides a habitat for birdlife such as pelicans and kingfishers
Sudan is completely alcohol free but has many lovely drinks to offer such as hibiscus tea (karkadeh), thick strong coffee flavoured with cardamom or ginger, and gongoleiz, made with baobab fruit. Fresh fruit is abundant, mangos, guavas, and oranges are the most popular, and be sure to sample the dates, said to be local produce at its best! Sudanese cuisine is influenced by its history and proximity to the Middle East, with specialities like Basboosa, a sweet semolina cake, and Goraasa be dama, a beef stew with tomato, peppers, cardamom and cinnamon.
Average temperatures in Summer (May-October) Air 26-38°c / Sea 29-31°c
Average temperatures in Winter (November-April) Air 20-30°c / Sea 26-29°c